The byproducts of cattle farming cater to a wide range of human needs from feeding to clothing. The infographic below shows the various ways cattle can be used.
Let’s start with some fun facts about cattle:
- There are over 1,000 breeds of cattle. Some of the popular Nigerian breeds include the N’Dama, Muturu, Red Bororo, White Fulani, and the Boran.
- Cattle can be used for milk, beef, draught, or sport. Different cattle serve different purposes. Angus, Devon, and Beefmaster are used for beef production while Muturu and Adamawa can be used for both beef and milk production. Cattle such as Berranda cattle can be used for all four.
- In 2014, 380,000 tonnes of beef was consumed in Nigeria. This number is estimated to grow to 1.3 million tonnes by 2050.
Some cattle byproducts such as milk and beef are part of our daily diet because of their high level of protein. The by-products include:
- Byproducts of Dairy: They include cheese, yoghurt, ice cream, butter, cottage cheese. Dairy is usually gotten through industrial processing.
- Byproducts of beef: Beef is used to prepare and complement different meals and can be used as a whole meal on their own. Beef is used for lamb chops, steaks, hotdog, and soap.
- Byproducts of beef hides: All hide is leather. Beef hides contribute a lot to what we wear. There are used to make car seats, jackets, belts, gloves, wallets, and watch bands.
- Byproducts of bones, hooves, and horns: Glue, buttons, piano keys, paper, wallpaper, sandpaper, combs, toothbrushes, and violin strings are all made from cattle bones, hooves, and horns.
- Medicinal uses: Beef insulin or bovine insulin used to be the only treatment for insulin-dependent diabetes in the 1980s. Although human insulin has replaced that, it is still available on prescription.
- Cattle dung: The resultant fecal matter of cow dung is rich in minerals and is used as fertilizer. It can also be used to produce biogas.
Do you know more cattle by-products? Please share in the comment section below.
Thanks for reading.